Lesson Learned: Gap Between Public Preparedness and Actual Response to Disaster in Japan.
Masahiro Wakasugi1, Toshiomi Kawagishi1, Tadaki Shibuya1, Nozomu Seki1, Hiroshi Okudera1
1Emergency and Disaster Medicine, University of Toyama, Japan
In 1995, Japan was attacked by two unprecedented catastrophe. Great Hanshin Earthquake and Tokyo Subway Saline Gas Attack. Great Hanshin Earthquake caused many preventable death cases, because of the lack of adequate medical disaster response system. Tokyo Subway Saline Gas Attack not only resulted in many direct victims, but also made many secondary victims to the rescuer. Because we had little knowledge of chemical hazard at that time. Since then we started a new approach to establish the organized disaster medical response system and education method of disaster medicine. Disaster Medical Assistance Team: DMAT were formed and trained across Japan. We thought that we had fully prepared for disaster
Nevertheless, it was not possible to respond appropriately to the Great East Earthquake in 2011. We did not expect a tsunami and a nuclear power plant accident. There was the gap between our Preparation and Real Disaster. It was difficult to cope with unexpected situations. We lessoned learned, no matter what we prepare, unexpected things will happen. But we have to change unexpected events to expected by Learning and Training
In this presentation, I will introduce those efforts on disaster medical preparation and community response in Japan.