Evidence Based Medicine For Emergency Care Nurses
Shashank Patil1, Filipa Goncalves1
1Emergency Department, Chelsea & Westminster Hospital NHS Foundation Trust, United Kingdom
The clinical care in the emergency department (ED) is provided by a joint workforce of physicians and nurses. There is an increasing role of emergency and advance nurse practitioners in running an urgent care centre or a minor injury unit in a modern ED. Such working challenges to deliver efficient and safe care for patients will need strong backing of evidence-based medicine (EBM).
Evidence based medicine is the conscientious, explicit, judicious and reasonable use of modern, best evidence in making decisions about the care of individual patients. EBM integrates clinical experience and patient values with the best available research information. Early developments in EBM have focused on the internal validity of research evidence. We need rigorous, robust, efficient research that matters, and is published in full. Dealing with uncertainty requires skills in assessing evidence and recognising poor-quality research.
Following the initial nursing qualification, a large proportion of nursing teams in the western world obtain additional masters qualifications. This helps understand the concept of EBM, how to appraise the evidence and research methodology.
The top ten research priorities identified by the Royal College of Emergency Medicine, United Kingdom are relevant to the current needs in emergency care. The themes identified are not specific to medical professionals but can be carried out by any health care professional who is committed to make a change.
In today’s time, the nursing profession needs to adapt and incorporate new learning methodologies. It is essential that clinical research involvement should be high on the educationists agenda.